A cataract is a cloudy area of the lens inside the eye. The lens is a clear, dome-shaped structure in the eye that focuses light onto the retina. The lens is supported by a jelly-like substance called the ciliary body. Cataract occurs when the lens becomes cloudy, usually from the accumulation of deposits. As the lens gets cloudy, light is unable to pass through it. This causes the person to see a blurred image, and eventually leads to vision loss.
There are many factors that can cause a cataract. In most cases, cataracts are caused by aging. Other factors responsible for cataract formation include aging, trauma, injury, diabetes, certain medications, excessive sun exposure, and radiation. Cataracts can affect both eyes and often start asymptomatically. However, it is important to get it checked out if you notice any changes in your vision.
Before and After Care of Cataract Surgery
Cataract phacoemulsification surgery is a common and effective procedure to restore clear vision by removing a cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial one. Proper care before and after the surgery is essential to ensure a successful outcome and a smooth recovery. Here's what you need to know:
Consultation and Evaluation: Schedule a consultation with your ophthalmologist to discuss your medical history, current medications, and any underlying health conditions. Your eyes will be thoroughly evaluated to determine the best treatment plan.
Medications: Follow your doctor's instructions regarding medications. You may need to stop certain medications, such as blood thinners, before surgery.
Breakfast / Meal: Your doctor will provide instructions, usually requiring you to have light breakfast or meal before your cataract surgery. If surgery is under general anaesthesia you may be asked to follow fasting for few hour before surgery.
Arrangements: Arrange for someone to drive you to and from the surgical center, as your vision may be temporarily impaired immediately after the surgery.
Comfortable Clothing: Wear comfortable clothing on the day of surgery, as you'll need to change into a surgical gown.
Eye Hygiene: Keep your eye area clean and free from makeup on the day of surgery.
Rest and Recovery: Rest is crucial after surgery. Avoid strenuous activities, and take it easy for the first few days.
Protective Shield: You may be provided with an eye shield to wear while sleeping or during the day to protect your eye from accidental rubbing or bumping.
Eye Drops: Follow the prescribed eye drop regimen to prevent infection and inflammation. Administer the drops exactly as directed by your doctor.
Avoid Rubbing: Refrain from rubbing or touching your eye, even if it feels itchy or uncomfortable.
Hygiene: Keep your hands clean before applying any eye drops or touching your eye.
Sunglasses: Wear sunglasses when outdoors to protect your healing eye from bright sunlight and dust.
Follow-Up Appointments: Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your ophthalmologist. These visits are crucial to monitor your healing progress and address any concerns.
Medications: Take any prescribed medications as instructed by your doctor. This may include antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs.
Driving and Activities: Your doctor will advise you on when it's safe to resume driving and other activities. Typically, driving is permitted once your vision meets legal requirements and you feel comfortable.
Notify Your Doctor: If you experience severe pain, sudden vision changes, increased redness, or discharge from the eye, contact your ophthalmologist immediately.
Routine Check-ups: Even after your eye has fully healed, continue to schedule regular eye exams to monitor your vision and overall eye health.
Eye Protection: Wear protective eyewear when engaging in activities that could pose a risk to your eyes.
Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and manage any chronic health conditions to support your overall eye health.
By adhering to these guidelines for both before and after cataract phacoemulsification surgery, you can promote a smooth recovery and enjoy improved vision for years to come
FAQs - Cataract & Cataract Surgery
When choosing an eye doctor, be sure you’re choosing one that you can fully trust to answer all of your questions and concerns. We offer easy-to-understand guides for some of the most common questions and inquiries we receive at my practice. Below you’ll find a list of some frequently asked questions by my clients.
We know that choosing an eye hospital can sometimes be a bit overwhelming. That’s why we want you to rest assured that you’ve chosen well. Below you’ll find answers to some of our cataract surgery patients’ frequently asked questions. Since 2011, we have been offering patients in Udaipur cutting edge medical eye care services. We are also here to provide our patients with the information they need to better understand and manage their cataract problem. Below are some of the most frequently asked questions we have received. We have been able to cover quite a few topics, but if there’s something we haven’t touched on, please don’t hesitate to ask. If you’ve still got a question for us, feel free to get in touch and we will happily answer your inquiry.
Q1. What is a cataract?
A cataract is a cloudy area of the lens inside the eye. It can cause blindness if left untreated.
Q2. How can I prevent a cataract?
There is no way to prevent a cataract. The best thing you can do is to wear sunglasses and wear your contact lenses properly.
Q3. What causes a cataract?
Cataracts are caused by changes in the proteins that make up the lens of the eye, resulting in cloudy opacification of lens. As the lens gets older, the light cannot pass through as well as it used to.
Q4. How do I know if I have a cataract?
If you have a cataract, you may not be able to see well at night or in bright light. You may also have a problem with your eyes focusing on objects. You may be able to see white spot in the center of eye.
Q5. How cataract is treated?
When cataract is in its initial stage, glasses may correct vision for some time. The best way to treat a cataract is to have surgery. Your doctor will remove the clouded lens and replace it with an artificial lens known as IOL (Intraocular Lens).
Q6. What does cataract surgery involve?
Cataract surgery involves removing the cloudy part of the lens, replacing it with an artificial lens, and then putting a bandage over the eye.
Q7. What is the recovery time after cataract surgery?
After the surgery, you will need to wear sunglasses and keep your eyes moist for a few days.
Q8. What's the difference between a cataract and a glaucoma?
A cataract is a cloudiness in the lens of the eye, while glaucoma is a disease that damages the optic nerve by increasing intraocular pressure (IOP).