Glaucoma is an eye condition where retina and optic nerve get damaged due to high pressure inside the eye (IOP). This can cause vision problems such as loss of visual field. Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in older people. It is also the most common form of optic neuropathy, meaning the nerves that transmit images from the retina to the brain are damaged.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
A number of symptoms can be used to diagnose glaucoma. These include:
Floaters or small, floating specks of light
Loss of peripheral vision
Decreased ability to drive
Pain in the eye or arm
Investigations of Glaucoma
We offer all advanced diagnostic modalities for glaucoma at Jai Drishti Eye Hospital, such as -
Automated Perimetry for the assessment of visual fields
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)
Treatment of Glaucoma
If diagnosed early, treatment can keep glaucoma from progressing. This includes:
Medical Treatment - Prescribed eye drops to lower the pressure inside the eye, Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking & Medication to relieve headaches and pain
Laser Treatment - We offer Laser Peripheral Iridotomy in cases of angle closure glaucoma.
Surgical Treatment - We at Jai Drishti Eye Hospital offer various surgeries like Trabeculectomy (with or without Mitomycin C), Glaucoma valves and Cyclocryotherapy.
FAQs - Glaucoma
Q1. What is IOP?
The IOP stands for Intra Ocular Pressure which means pressure of fluid in side your eyes.
Q2. What causes glaucoma?
Glaucoma is caused by the increase of pressure in the eye. This pressure increases as the fluid in the eye increases. The most common cause of glaucoma is a buildup of fluids in the eye.
Q3. What is the treatment for glaucoma?
There are different ways to treat glaucoma. One way is to reduce the amount of fluid in the eye. This can be done with drops or laser or surgery.
Q4. Is glaucoma hereditary?
Yes, it's hereditary. If you have a family member that has glaucoma, there is a chance you will develop it.
Q5. What are the symptoms of glaucoma?
The symptoms of glaucoma include a feeling of pressure in your head and pain when looking at bright lights. You may also have trouble seeing objects clearly.
Q6. What is laser treatment for glaucoma?
Laser treatment for glaucoma is done by a doctor who uses a laser beam to reduce the pressure of fluid in the eye.
Q7. How long does laser treatment for glaucoma take?
Laser treatment can be done in one or two visits. It takes about 15 minutes to perform laser treatment.